Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Critical Analysis Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words - 2

Basic Analysis - Essay Example 3) and where characters experience differed difficulties because of strategic maneuver and control. Moreover, there were nearness of attentive or forced social accomplices that additional show and gave proper applications to relational necessities hypothesis of incorporation, control, and closeness. The small scale arrangement was introduced as eight sections and was really noted to be a spin-off of another of Ken Follet’s tale, entitled â€Å"The Pillars of the Earth† (Lloyd, 2012). Because of the length and complexities of connections as depicted by various characters, the current talk would concentrate on connections and relational correspondence applications one of the primary characters, Caris. As a fleece merchant’s little girl, Caris experienced energizing and testing encounters going from seeing the less than ideal end of her mom, who unwittingly was subtly killed by her auntie, Petranilla. Her enthusiasm for rewarding the debilitated was upgraded when sh e turned into the disciple of a lady, Mattie, who rehearsed elective medication. Nonetheless, since Mattie’s ability evidently imperils the town’s official healer and cleric, she was accused of the wrongdoing of black magic and was condemned to be hanged openly. Afterward, Caris experienced a similar destiny the hands of her cousin, Godwyn, at that point Prior; and was simply spared in due time by the town’s Prioress who affirmed that since she was to turn into a religious recluse, she was unable to be exposed to the destiny of hanging. In this manner, Caris needed to forfeit her adoration for Merthin until such time that her obligation as a religious recluse, inevitable Prioress, and healer were totally finished. All the while, she turned into a decent healer, and was even expected the job of a prioress in times when ailment and plague attacked their town. The uses of the relational correspondence hypothesis or social hypothesis were shown in different circumst ances in the arrangement. As noted â€Å"as people we have a scope of social needs that we fulfill by speaking with others. The Social Needs hypothesis calls attention to that there are 3 fundamental social needs: (1) fondness - to communicate and get love; (2) consideration - to be social, to be in the organization of others; (3) control - to have influence† (Bergstrom, 2005, standard. 1). The social need of consideration was showed through Caris’ being acknowledged in the religious circle as a sister, to spare her from death. In like manner, this consideration was likewise exemplified through the acknowledgment of the lord, who masked himself as a priest and was purportedly acknowledged energetically in the cloister and in the Kingsbridge people group. Simultaneously, the social need of control was plainly exemplified in the smaller than usual arrangement through the force that was vested upon the government. It was obvious that if the ruler, in this circumstance, an underhanded sovereign, was generally worried of her narrow minded interests instead of the benefit of the individuals, the townsfolk endured massively through equity not being served evenhandedly or reasonably. It was during this time it was shown that imperious force and dictator initiative through the request for the ruler, the sovereign, or their approved associates could expose individuals to hanging and passing without the requirement for a fair preliminary. There was clearly much control through the force that was concentrated on the government and furthermore from the convent, where the earlier was vested with the position to choose things on himself. For example, the earlier could charge individuals associated with black magic and promptly, these haplessly

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Social Benefits of Diversifying Residential Units

Social Benefits of Diversifying Residential Units POTENTIAL SOCIAL BENEFITS OF DIVERSIFYING RESIDENTIAL UNITS DESIGN AS SMART GROWTH CITY PRINCIPLE IN URBAN AFFORDABLE HOUSING. Tan Wan Joo1, Lam Tuck Lone2 and Meor Mohammad Fared3 Ace in Architecture1,2, Assoc. Professor3 Workforce of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor. Conceptual In the ongoing years, urban reasonable lodging has been encountering noteworthy skyscraper private development. It is determined that the change that throughout the following 20 years the segment profile of the municipalitys set up rural areas, bringing about the requirement for a more noteworthy scope of lodging types. With the figure, Malaysia and Singapore lodging improvement is broadening the unit formats to cook for changing social needs which situation still can't seem to be examined. The principle motivation behind this examination is to decide the potential social advantages of broadening skyscraper private units in the urban moderate lodging with regards to Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Moreover, it distinguishes the different suitable skyscraper private units configuration to meet the communitys existing and future needs of lodging. By utilizing various contextual analyses technique, the unit configuration will be dissected dependent on the its size, its gave rooms, its compl ete units and its gave fundamental offices and enhancements just as how it profited the general public. Thus, this examination essentially shows the unmistakable of the differentiating private units configuration as shrewd development city guideline in the urban setting of Kuala Lumpur and Singapore. Catchphrases: broadening private units configuration, brilliant city rule, social advantages, urban moderate lodging. RESEARCH QUESTION What are the potential social advantages of the enhancing skyscraper private units structure towards the general public? Presentation In todays urban turn of events, high thickness and conservative improvement has been altogether examined to help the development in populace in the urban setting. Skyscraper private turns of events, which is likewise called as vertical living, are emphatically advanced in pretty much every legislative reasonable lodging arranging arrangement to be set in setting of downtown area. The present market requests a feeling of dynamic quality and network in the blended improvement that they live in (Bell, 2004). Practically 68% of all Malaysian, which is around 18 a huge number of Malaysian, have decided to live in the towns and urban communities as it shows a generally high creating of urbanization in the creating nation (Wan Nor Azriyati WAN ABD AZIZ, 2014). As the populace development in the urban setting, the requirements for increasingly private lodging in the vertical structure are frantically getting higher so as to help the adjustment in the diverse life stages and the lodging needs . In like manner, in Singapore, the necessities of vertical type of private lodging has been quickly expanded along the development in the populace and the difference in various life stages. Henceforth, Malaysia government has drafted ACT 739 under the Law of Malaysia to set up an assortment of association called PR1MA, Perumahan Rakyat 1 Malaysia, to design, create, develop and keep up the high caliber of moderate lodging. Then again, Singapore government has built up an open lodging authority, which is called Housing Development Board (HDB), to design and build up the lodging domains just as to change the town into increasingly agreeable and living condition. There are different tasks are being created and built in the ongoing years, particularly in rural region and urban setting. Both of the built up associations have actualized the shrewd development city standards. The quick speed of development of the progressing urbanization in both Malaysia and Singapore has made the chances to actualize the savvy development city standards in the vast majority of the improvement to keep away from the exceptionally wasteful endless suburbia in the urban setting. In any case, one of techniques of savvy development standards expressed that a scope of lodging openings and decisions ought to be made and executed in the improvement to help the distinctive life phases of network. Along these lines, assorted variety of lodging decisions in the chose ventures has offered more noteworthy chances to make an increasingly energetic sorts of network, in the mean time, it additionally bolsters different scope of wages in a single turn of events. Targets This examination intends to break down the potential advantages of differentiating skyscraper private unit plan in urban moderate lodging to the general public. Writing REVIEW What is Smart Growth? Keen development is characterized as an advancement that bolsters monetary development, solid networks and natural wellbeing. Keen development improvement expected to make high caliber of that causes the networks to accomplish financially serious, to make business openings and fortifies the neighborhood charge base. So as to make and keep up extraordinary neighborhoods, the Smart Growth Network built up a lot of 10 essential standards to manage brilliant development procedures. (Anon., 2015) Ten Principles of Smart Growth 1. Blend land uses2. Exploit minimized design3. Make a scope of lodging openings and choices4. Make walkable neighborhoods5. Cultivate unmistakable, appealing networks with a solid feeling of place6. Protect open space, farmland, regular excellence and basic natural areas7. Reinforce and direct improvement towards existing communities8. Give an assortment of transportation choices9. Settle on improvement choices unsurprising, reasonable and financially savvy 10. Empower people group and partner coordinated effort being developed choices. By actualizing the third rule of Smart Growth, the improvement must give a scope of lodging openings and decisions to meet the communitys existing and future needs. The arrangement of value lodging for groups of all life stages and pay levels is a fundamental piece of the savvy development draws near. There are different reasons that urban communities should offer a various scope of lodging decisions for nearby occupants. By incorporating the arranging structures for single and multi-family in new private turn of events, the advancement itself can bolster a progressively differing populace. It additionally permits progressively evenhanded dissemination of family units of all salary levels. Plus, it is prompting make a more popularity for network administrations and offices, for example, shopping centers, schools, human services, office and amusement offices. Broadening lodging in vertical structure has likewise given more open doors in the improvement that permits the inhabitants to have options in a little real estate parcel. Nonetheless, when the improvement centers into one sort of lodging, it makes various potential issues. The improvement will figure out how to pull in one kind of occupant, which doesn't accomplish the objective of various populace in term old enough, pay level, families and singles. Subsequently, this methodology doesn't figure out how to make a supportable network for the explanation being that no single kind of lodging can serve the different interest of assorted family unit in todays showcase. Besides, if the sorts of network are being isolated and bunch by the parts of salary levels, local people with low pay will be compelled to suit in the suburb zone and, thus, the social issues will be expanded when the network are being isolated. What is Urban Affordable Housing? The idea of urban reasonable lodging can be characterized as the portion for rental or portion must not surpass 30% of the complete family unit pay in the urban setting (B Bakhtyar, 2012). By that implies, the unit of lodging must be moderate if the occupants family unit spend inside 30% of its salary on the lodging costs, including the utilities, for them to live in the urban setting where the development of financial is quickly expanding. What is PR1MA? PR1MA was built up as an administration claimed organization under PR1MA Act 2012 and under the management of Ministry of Housing and Local Government. It is set up to help the proposed segment of center pay gathering to deal with the typical cost for basic items with regards to urban territories. The private houses are given in the supportable network and be evaluated inside the scope of RM 100,000 to RM 400,000. Be that as it may, the majority of skyscraper private improvement will be arranged and further created with regards to urban regions. Consequently, this investigation will center into the sorts of unit designs of vertical living dependent on the accompanying ventures as the contextual analyses. Contextual investigations of HDB in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1. PR1MA @ Jalan Jubilee, Kuala Lumpur This advancement is one of the skyscraper moderate private lodging venture situated in the downtown area and open through Jalan Loke Yew and Jalan Jubilee. This undertaking offered three fundamental sorts of unit design in the aggregate of 543 units in 2.5 sections of land of land, which is appeared in Figure 1 beneath. This improvement has included conveniences for network, for example, surau, network corridor, kindergarten, shops, nursery and play area, to facilitate the network to stroll inside their compound for the fundamental offices. The arrangement of three fundamental sorts of units, which include 3 rooms with 2 restrooms for unit type An and C just as 2 rooms with 2 washrooms for unit type B, has given the chances to the little family to set up their family in the urban setting. In any case, the dynamic quality of network scarcely to be accomplished because of the advancement centers into normalize the unit formats into three fundamental sorts. Figure 1: Unit Layouts are demonstrated appropriately for Type A (3 Bedrooms 2 Bathrooms), Type B (2 Bedrooms 2 Bathrooms) and Type C (3 Bedrooms 2 Bathrooms). Source: 2. PR1MA @ Brickfields, Kuala Lumpur With regards to downtown area in Kuala Lumpur, this advancement is being created in the zone with very much created frameworks in the encompassing site as it is open through 4 passageways, for example, New Pantai Expressway (NPE), Jalan Tun Sambanthan, Jalan Bangsar and Jalan Sye

Friday, August 21, 2020

Calls up until the arrival of Inspector Goole? Essay

 † The inert thing that lay at my feet†¦ my light was almost scorched out†. Frankenstein has made himself segregated by relinquishing everything to make his animal. Mary Shelley builds up the topic of disengagement in section 21 when Victor Frankenstein is put in jail; she has now truly confined him. Frankenstein is appeared as disconnected and distressed â€Å"I was overwhelmed with unhappiness and misery†. Frankenstein’s dearest companion had been murdered so his disengagement is by all accounts legitimized. Shelley utilized his self indulgence to reflect to inspire the inclination that he is separated from everyone else without a companion; nobody is there to help so he goes further into self centeredness â€Å"no one close to me mitigated me with the delicate voice of adoration; no dear hand bolstered me. † Shelley depicts the beast as a misconstrued individual with minding on a fundamental level however needs reprisal against Frankenstein. The beast reflects the activities of a youngster that had been dismissed during childbirth by its folks. The beast looks to the peruser as being predetermined towards an existence of detachment and melancholy. The beast portrays himself as† a forlorn, hopeless wretch†. Shelley utilizes these remarks by the beast to bring out the sentiment of compassion and make it known to the peruser that by then in the time the beast was feeling dismissed and disconnected creation the beast low in confidence prompting the announcements being made. The beast additionally improves the depiction of the disconnection by conceding he is â€Å"desolate† to the peruser making all the more straight-forward for the peruser to relate to the beast and even Mary Shelley as all the characters are identified with Shelley’s individual encounters during her youth and adulthood. Toward the finish of part 10 when Frankenstein and his â€Å"monster† meet Shelley shows the beast as somebody who was happy to make companions among people. â€Å"I was altruistic; my spirit sparkled with adoration and humankind; yet am I not the only one, pitiably alone? You, my maker loathe me; what expectation would i be able to accumulate from your kindred animals, who owe me nothing? † To the peruser the beast is appeared as a detached person who has unjustifiably been deserted by its dad/maker. Frankenstein is appeared as his dad who has left him to decay along these lines implementing the impact of disengagement the peruser feels about the beast. The peruser is then caused to feel that Victor Frankenstein is to be faulted for the monster’s sentiments of seclusion. Shelley utilized this strategy to set up the peruser for the monster’s story see and to begin seeing things from the monster’s point of view. Taking everything into account Shelley has been found to use to a few story and exacting methods to show the sentiment of separation through all the characters. Shelley frequently during the story utilized the landscape to mirror the feelings of the storytellers inside the book. The segregation inside this book was one of the essential subjects adding to its gothic topic. Shelley utilizes things she encountered during her experience to make various circumstances wherein seclusion and compassion were depicted. Shelley (in the book) doesn't make reference to the word â€Å"isolation† anyway utilizing exceptionally unpretentious methods during the discourse of the storytellers and furthermore landscape portrayal she passes on the feeling completely to the peruser about the characters inside the story. Show review just The above see is unformatted content This understudy composed bit of work is one of numerous that can be found in our GCSE Mary Shelley segment.

Thursday, June 4, 2020

Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide in Terminal Illness - Free Essay Example

Who has known someone with a terminal illness? What if you were extremely ill and in an incredible amount of pain and there werent any medications to help you? Imagine this, you have a terminal illness and youre in the hospital knowing that youre getting closer to a slow and painful death. You cant do anything about it because of how severe it is and therers no other way to treat it. A. You know that soon your time is coming to where youll be suffering and cannot be cured from the painful disease that has taken over your body. II. Thesis: Today I will inform you about one of the most controversial issues in the U.S. and why physician assisted suicide should be legal for people with terminal illnesses throughout the United States. III. Connect: This topic is important to us because it talks about how we should be able to make these important decisions in our lives if we needed to. IV. Preview: A. First, we will go over why most people dont agree with legalizing Physician Assisted Suicide in every state. B. Second, we will go over why it would be a good idea to legalize physician assisted suicide for the terminally ill. C. Third, we will discuss why and how it would help some people who might need this option. Body I. Main Point: Letrs begin with what Physician Assisted Suicide is and the reasons why there are many people who are against it. A. There are a lot of people who dont know much information about PAS and it can be easily misunderstood. When some people hear the term Physician Assisted Suicide they are usually against it and their reason could be because of their religion or just their personal beliefs. 1. For those of you wondering what exactly Physician Assisted Suicide is, it is for someone has a terminal illness and voluntarily chooses to end their lives under certain circumstances to avoid suffering. a. The Euthanasia Society of America first began in New York in 1938. They wanted people who were terminally ill and incurable to have the right to die and have it be legal. b. In 2003 Sage Journals article titled Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide, David Clark says that for the first time ever a law passed under to legalize assisted suicide under certain circumstances for people who were terminally ill (Clark, 2003). c. There are different types of assisted suicide that gives you the option of taking a lethal medication, or passive euthanasia that is known as pulling the plug when the patient is on life support, and active euthanasia which is when the physician injects the lethal drug. Active euthanasia is mostly used in the Netherlands. B. This is only legal in 4 states in the U.S. including Oregon, Washington, Vermont, and Montana. Chaplains Experiences with Patients Requesting Physician-Assisted Suicide, Bryant Carlson stated that in order for this to be done the patient would have to have 6 months or less until death, then it would have to be confirmed by a doctor, and a physician would prescribe a lethal medication for the patient to take (Carlson, 2005). a. The patient would have to consent to doing this and the physician who is in charge would then proceed to giving them the medication. 1. In 2018 United States Conference of Catholic Bishops article titled The Wrong Approach to End of Life Care, Michael Gloth states that some Catholics believe physician assisted suicide is murder (Gloth, 2018). The people that are religious also believe that god should make the decision when someoners life should come to an end. a. I can see why people would disagree with assisted suicide because they believe that if god suffered then we should too. b. Another negative outcome of this would be that some may try to take advantage of assisted death if they had a mental illness. II. Main Point: Now that Ive gone over what PAS is, letrs move onto why people believe it wouldnt be a good idea to legalize it in the United States. A. The opposing view, represented by Cheryl K. Smithrs article Issues in Law Medicine in 1993 argues that a number of those reported cases involved people who didnt have a terminal illness and there would be people who would be influenced by their mental state (Smith, 1993). 1. However, they are wrong because patients would need to be evaluated to make sure they didnt have depression or any other mental illnesses. a. The laws in Vermont to be approved of assisted suicide is that you must 18 years or older, you must be a resident of Vermont, you have to be capable of making your own decisions and not be influenced by others, and most importantly you have to be diagnosed with a terminal illness that will lead to death. B. In 2012 Nursing Older Peoplers article titled Pros and Cons of Assisted Dying, Maura Buchanan stated that a con to assisted death is that it could be influenced by others (Buchanan, 2012). 1. If someone decided that they wanted to turn to assisted death then it should be because they truly wanted to, not because someone else is encouraging them to do it. III. Main Point: Now that weve gone over why people are against it, letrs move on to why it should be considered a human right to make this important decision. A. In 2018 The Hastings Center article titled Physician Assisted Death, Timothy E. Quill stated that PAS is best studied for terminally ill patients in Oregon. (Quill, 2018). 1. To become more informed about this topic The Hastings Center website has many articles about this. B. This is a topic that should be talked about more by adults, itrs important to be informed and form your own opinion based off your own research. 1. Imagine if you or a family member was put in that position where the decision needed to be made if they wanted to have peaceful death in a safe environment without suffering. a. Prolonging someoners death is not financially the right move, especially if they want to die. b. If any of you were in that position you would probably feel better knowing that it could be one of your last options. Transition: Hopefully you now have a better understanding of Conclusion I. Review: A. Some reasons why people disagree with Physician Assisted Suicide B. Why it should be legalized C. Why we should be able to make this important decision II. Conclude with Impact: Ill leave you with this, imagine yourself in a situation where you would consider using this as a last resort. If you still dont think this is something you would do, then hopefully you can be more understanding to those who do.

Sunday, May 17, 2020

Death, Mortality, And The Afterlife - 938 Words

Freud once said that death is inevitable and yet inconceivable. The idea of death, mortality, and afterlife has been a question for the human race since the beginning of time. Throughout time and space these ideas have changed and have been modified according to their own views depending in what region they were born in and the time period. To look at what has changed over the periods we have to look at our history starting with writings like the Epic of Gilgamesh, the Hebrew texture, the Bible and many more stories both historical and religious. All trying to answer the same questions regarding death, mortality and the afterlife. There are 5 immortality narratives that define the human process staying alive, resurrection, soul, a legacy, and wisdom. One of the most historical books that we have of early era is Epic of Gilgamesh. The concept of death, mortality and the afterlife are all the major themes of the book. Gilgamesh who is not fearful of death in his youth and even considers a good death realized that he was not going to be remembered, goes out to make himself immortal with is friend Enkidu. After a battle his best friend Enkidu gets hurt and dies which makes Gilgamesh broken and afraid of death. After Enkidu’s death Gilgamesh goes out to find eternal life but at the end realizes that the only way to stay alive forever is to do good things in life and leave a make on the world and for Gilgamesh it was the walls of Uruk. So the basic view of the Sumerians was thatShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of Because I Could Not Stop for Death Essay1188 Words   |  5 Pageswhere regular themes include death and mortality. One such poem that exemplifies her â€Å"dark side† is, â€Å"Because I Could Not Stop for Death†. In this piece, Dickinson tells the story of a soul’s transition into the afterlife showing that time and death have outright power over our lives and can make what was once significant become meaningless. While we now know this poem as â€Å"Because I Could Not Stop for Death†, it was originally an untitled piece. After Dickinson’s death, her younger sister LaviniaRead MoreDeath, Morality, And The Afterlife919 Words   |  4 PagesThe idea the death, morality, and the afterlife have gradually changed through history. Death has an unavoidable and unpredictable nature. The conceptualization of death and what happens to a person when they die is perplexing to understand. Humans tend to fear the things in which they cannot begin to explain. No one person exactly knows for sure what to expect once they leave this world. So, we have established religion and science in an attempt to allow us to wrap our heads around this idea. EventuallyRead MoreTheme Of Death In Hamlet969 Words   |  4 Pagesstory of a great tragedy in which death is the permeating idea and connective thread. Through the experiences of Hamlet, Shakespeare is able to explore the complexities of life and dea th. Following the murder of his father, Hamlet seeks to avenge his death in the process of defining the meaning of his own life within himself. In the process of reaching complete madness, Hamlet both contemplates his own death, experiences the death of those closest to him, and causes death. From these experiences, he furtherRead MoreLife After Death962 Words   |  4 Pages∙ Life after death can neither be proved nor disproved. This is because one would have to undergo physical death in order to prove or disprove it (and by its very nature, disproving it would not be possible). 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It is one of the radical subjects that marks around humanity. Death is a horrific subject to fathom, but let’s face it, our time will come soon. The unanswered questions include: What happens when you die? Does it hurt? Do you go anywhere? Does it all just go dark? Is there an afterlife? To try and understand death, the Grim Reaper have personified it in an effort to try and deduce insight into the process. Everything about the Grim Reaper is instilled withRead MoreThe And Of The Tolkien s Magnum Opus 1584 Words   |  7 Pagesdetermine whether or not her work is worthy of pertaining to the western canon. Also, I will describe the implications of her novels on the platonic worldview according to Rowling’s use of the themes of death and the afterlife. Additionally, I will be relating Rowling’s utilization of both death and the after life to that of Tolkien and Lewis in order to analyze its causation of arousing hope and setting justice. The novels crafted by Tolkien and Lewis seeks not only to entertainRead MoreWit and Donne1587 Words   |  7 Pagesof death and love. When these texts are studied together it is evident through continual intertextual reference that Donne has heavily influenced the play Wit. Although the texts differ contextually, with Donne’s 17th Century poetry and Edson’s 20th Century script writing, their contextual connections allow an enriched understanding of both the texts. Death is conveyed to a large extent within Donne’s poems of Holy Sonnets. As with many poets in the Renaissance area Donne was obsessed death. HeRead MoreAnalysis Of Gaius Valerius Catullus s The Iliad 1489 Words   |  6 PagesThe one main difference between the gods and mortals is that mortals can die, making it difficult for a man to become truly god-like. Homer makes no mention of the afterlife in The Iliad, meaning that the only true way for a mortal to live on is through the remembrance of their life on earth. Many strive for immortality, but to achieve it, one must obtain Kleos, the glory a man receives in war. If a hero like Achilles or Hector were mentioned to someone today, chances are, the person would know whoRead MoreTheme Of Mortality In The Epic Of Gilgamesh1220 Words   |  5 PagesThe Epic of Gilgamesh: A Hero’s Journey Several themes are addressed throughout the Epic of Gilgamesh, but the most prominent lies within the confrontation and acceptance of mortality. Gilgamesh—king of Uruk, ambitious builder, and bravest of mercenaries—seems to be blessed by a combination of two-thirds godliness and one-third manliness, yet plagued by his very own immoderation and naivety. The hero is witnessed engaging in the molestation of his women and exhausting Uruk’s people with manual labor

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Ancient Egyptian Style Of Ancient Egypt - 1351 Words

FNAR 200 Professor Heer 23 November 2015 KING NARMERS PALETTE The civilization of Ancient Egypt thrived from approximately 3100 bce until 30 bce, when the Roman Empire took control of the province. Unlike other ancient societies, however, where art would evolve and chance with new influences, the art of Ancient Egypt tends to look extremely similar for the entirety of those 300 years. The classical Egyptian style of art begins in the first dynasty, which is often considered to be ruled under King Narmer. The Narmer Palette (Fig. 1) is one of the most influential pieces of ancient Egyptian art for this very reason, as it portrays the joining of Upper and Lower Egypt into one solid empire that would continue to thrive for years to come at the fault of King Narmer. Unlike the art of prehistoric Egypt, dynastic art tends to focus on kingship and portraying the king as the sole ruler and most important figure in the civilization. Because of the powerful themes on both sides of the palette, the Narmer Palette has emerged as one o f the most crucial pieces of artwork from early Egypt as it represents the joining of the prehistoric past of the civilization and the pharaonic dynasty that was beginning to emerge. King Narmer is considered by historians to be the first pharaoh of unified Egypt. It is suggested that during his rule, he was responsible for uniting the former Upper and Lower Egypt to form one strong central Egypt, of which he became king. His kingship initiated theShow MoreRelatedAncient Egyptian Art And Art907 Words   |  4 PagesAncient Egyptian art is painting, sculpture, architecture and other arts constructed by the civilization of ancient Egypt in the lower Nile River from 3000 BC. Ancient Egyptian artist tried to idealize the universe, not as it actually existed, but more enduring and lasting symbols. They tended to portray life and people as they wished them to be and not how they actually are. The artist followed certain rules or styles that made it unique and unmistakable. Most of the ar t was influenced by religionRead MoreAncient Egypt Civilization : Ancient And Modern Egypt968 Words   |  4 Pages Ancient and Modern Egypt There are some countries that have a large civilization, but how many countries have had a successful civilization throughout its existence? What if there is a country that has a civilization from 7000 years ago that has a rich history, various progresses, cultures, governments, customs, and habits? A lot of its heritage still exists until now, Egypt was one of the most wonderful civilizations in human history. Ancient Egyptians lived around the Nile River, where they foundRead MoreComparing J. Gordon Edwards And Richard Burton990 Words   |  4 Pagessymbols rooted in ancient Egypt, but are most heavily influenced by the art deco of the 1930s. This can be seen in many of her dresses throughout the film, especially during her dinner with Marc Antony and her surrender to Octavian and the Roman army. One example of this is in the slinky, gold lamà © dress Claudette Colbert dons as Cleopatra plots to poison Marc Antony. Not only does the figure-hugging gown remind the audience of her role as the temptress, but it echos strongly of the style of 1930s HollywoodRead MoreThe Importance of Animals and Symbolism in Ancient Egyptian Art1611 Words   |  7 PagesThe Ancient Egyptians are known for many of the incredible aspects of their culture and everything they have made. Some of the well known ancient Egyptian relics are the ones like the ancient pyramids, the Great Sphinx of Giza, mummies, and their many forms of art. Ancient Egyptian art, most commonly the paintings, are one of the most recognized styles of art. Not only is Egyptian art beautiful, but it carries a huge deal of value and significance with it. A great portion of the time, the art hasRead MoreAncient Greek Architecture : The Doric Style And The Ionic Design Essay1610 Words   |  7 PagesThere are three types of co lumns found in ancient Greek architecture but two of the three columns are: The Doric style and the Ionic design The Doric style is rather sturdy and its top (the capital), is plain. This style was used in mainland Greece and the colonies in southern Italy and Sicily. The Ionic style is thinner and more elegant. Its capital is decorated with a scroll-like design (a volute). This style was found in eastern Greece and the islands. 2). The ushabti (also called shabti or shawabtiRead MoreFormal and Ekphrasis Analysis Of The palette of King Narme Essay835 Words   |  4 PagesThe horned anamorphic beings heads are illustrated in an unusual front angle, instead of the usual, Egyptian profile art style of illustrating heads, and faces. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Data Analysis for Decision Makers

Question: Discuss about the inferential statistics of continuous random variables. Answer: Introduction The price of any house is an important factor in the daily life. Every people have a desire to purchase his or her own house at a certain point of time. This purchase of the house mainly depends on the price of the house (Gelman et al. 2014). The price of the house is influenced by various factors. Data had been collected on surveying the houses of Singapore. Data for 50 samples were collected. Various factors of the house were also surveyed. These data would be subjected to various statistical methods. Discrete variables, continuous variables and categorical variables have been used in this data set (Ott and Longnecker 2015). Explanations of various statistical terms would be given in this assignment with the help of the given data set. Graphs and charts would represent the data more precisely. Discussion Descriptive statistics The data consist of both discrete and continuous variables. The price of the house, the distance from the house from its nearest railway station, the distance of the house from the nearest bus stop and the distance of the house from the nearest shop are all continuous variables. It was seen that the average price of the selected houses was $788580. This is calculated by dividing the total price of all the houses with the number of houses chosen for the experiment. The median of the price of the house was $778000 (Thomson and Emery 2014). The minimum value of the chosen houses found to be $310000 while the maximum price was $1354000. The range of the price of the chosen houses was $104400. The standard deviation of the price of house is $280708 while the variance was found to be $78797064.9 (Menke 2012). The standard deviation is calculated by the square root of the sum of the deviation of the prices from the mean divided by number of samples chosen. The variance is calculated by squa ring the standard deviation. Variance gives the amount of deviation of the samples from its mean value. The average of other continuous variables is given as follows. The average distance of the houses from the nearest railway station is 1.086 kilometres while the average distance from the nearest bus stop is 1.186 kilometres and the average distance from the nearest shop is 0.99 kilometres (Bazeley and Jackson 2013). The median of the distance from nearest railway station is 1.1kilometres, from the nearest bus stop is 1.25 kilometres and from the nearest shop is 1.1 kilometres. The minimum distance of the houses from all the three cases was 0.1 kilometres while the maximum distance of the houses from the nearest railway station is 2.100 kilometres, from the nearest bus stop is 2.700 kilometres and from the nearest shop is 1.900 kilometres. The range of the distance from the nearest railway station, nearest bus stop and nearest shop is 2 kilometres, 2.6 kilometres and 1.8 kilometres respectively (Dimaggio 2013). The standard deviation of the distance from the nearest railway station, n earest bus stop and nearest shop is 0.58554 kilometres, 0.76798 kilometres and 0.54332 kilometres respectively. The variance of the distance of the nearest railway station from the houses was found to be 0.3428 kilometres, the variance of the distance of the nearest bus stop from the houses was found to be 0.5898 kilometres and the variance of the distance of the nearest shop from the houses was found to be 0.2952 kilometres (Twisk 2013). Figure 1: Graph of price distribution of the houses (Source: created by author) Figure 2: Graph of the distribution of distance of house from station in kilometres (Source: created by author) Figure 3: Graph of the distribution of distance of house from bus stop in kilometres (Source: created by author) Figure 4: Graph of the distribution of distance of house from shops in kilometres (Source: created by author) Discrete random variables and its probability distributions The discrete random variables for the data set are number of rooms, age of the house, area of the house in square metre, and number of bedrooms. These variables give the details of each of the randomly selected houses. The Poisson distribution can be used to describe these variables (Miles et al. 2013). Poisson distribution and the interpretation of the data set Poisson distribution gives the probability of the occurrence of a number of independent events in a fixed period. In this data set, considering the intervals of distances of the house from nearest railway station, bus stop and shops, the probability of the prices to be high in the intervals could be predicted. Prices are said to be high if they are beyond $1000000 (Woodward 2013). The probability of occurrence of such prices within the intervals of distances could be found from the data set. This would give an idea about how the distance of the house from its nearest railway station; nearest bus stop and nearest shop affect the price of the houses. The probability of occurrence of the high priced house in the distance intervals would give an idea whether factors other than influences the price of the house or not. Inferential statistics Inferential statistics is defined as the collection of data from its population and its measures. The collected data is used to find various measures of statistics. These measures include descriptive statistics, correlation, regression and hypothesis testing. When the sample size is greater than thirty, Normal distribution Normal distribution is a common continuous probability distribution in the theory of probability. Normal distribution is mainly used in natural and social science in order to represent the random variables whose distribution was unknown. Central limit theorem makes the use of normal distribution an important one. Central limit theorem states that when a large number of samples are drawn independently from independent distributions, the average of these random variables converges to normal distribution (Balakrishnan 2013). The curve of the normal distribution is a bell shaped curve and the probability density of the normal distribution is given as follows: f (x/ , 2) = (1/ sqrt(2 2)) e (x- )^2/ 2 2 ; where is the mean value of the distribution and 2 is the variance of the distribution. Reasons for normal distribution used in sampling distribution The commonly used probability distribution for continuous distribution is the normal distribution. According to the central limit theorem, it was seen that the distribution of large samples tend to normal distribution. This tendency of every variable to follow the normal distributions leads to the concept of using normal distribution for sampling distribution (Kleinbaum et al. 2013). Moreover, using normal distribution in sampling distribution helps in easy calculations of sampling distributions and this distribution is usually considered as the standard distribution for sampling distributions (Balakrishnan 2013). The basis for Inferential Statistics The basis of inferential statistics is the Central Limit theorem. The samples drawn from large population are used to estimate the characteristics of the population. The probable value of mean of the population can be guessed from the mean of the samples drawn from the population. The standard deviation and variance of the sample gives the probable value of the standard deviation and variance of the population (Boy-Roura et al. 2015). Inferential statistics helps to infer about the population using one or more samples from the population. Inferential statistics gives an idea about whether the difference between the groups of variables occurs by chance or they are real. The basis of inferential statistics is the assumptions that could be made about the populations from the selected samples. Inference could be drawn about the larger groups on studying the variables of the smaller groups (Ciarleglio et al. 2016). It is not possible to study the whole population, as it would be logistically impossible, too much expensive and time consuming. The method of sampling and inferences drawn from the statistics, helps to infer about the population in reduced cost, with great accuracy and more scope to yield information (Pineda et al. 2015). More attention can be given to each of the samples and the results could be more accurate for the sample statistics. The sample statistics would infer a better result about the population from which the sample is selected. Confidence interval Explanation of continuous random variable Continuous random variables are those variables who take all the values in a given interval. These random variables are defined as the possible outcomes of the random variables in a definite interval of real numbers (Zhai et al. 2013). Continuous random variables are uncountably infinite; i.e. they have too many possible values to list out as the possible outcome of any problem. Measuring of continuous random variable can be done with high level of precession than the discrete random variables. Explanation of a confidence interval The range of values that describe uncertainty by surrounding an estimate is called confidence interval of the values. A confidence interval is indicated by the endpoints of the intervals. Lower limit and upper limit of the interval gives the value of the confidence interval. Confidence interval also defines the range of values that most probably encompass the true value (Altman et al. 2013). Confidence interval of the statistic is computed in such a way that the interval have a specific chance of containing the value of the corresponding parameter of the population. Construction of the confidence interval Confidence interval of any set of data is constructed by first choosing its level of significance. The level of significance is indicates the true probable value of the data to lie in the given confidence interval. Confidence interval is calculated by determining the lower limit and upper limit of the data set. The z value of the test is found by using the level of significance of the test. This value is used to calculate the lower limit and upper limit of the confidence interval. The lower limit is computed by subtracting the product of z value and standard deviation from the mean value of the data set. The upper limit is computed by adding the product of z value and standard deviation to the mean of the data set. Thus, the confidence interval is constructed using the lower limit and upper limit of the test. From the result of the data set, it was seen that the upper limit of the prices of the houses of Singapore is 1707.2 and the lower limit of the prices of the houses of Singapore is 186.97. The interval (186.97, 1701.2) gives the confidence interval of the price of the houses of Singapore at 95% level of significance. Interpretation of the confidence interval Confidence interval helps to determine the probable range of values between which the values of the data set would lie. In the given data set, the confidence interval of the given data set is given as (186.97, 1701.2) at 95% level of significance (Siegmund 2013). This indicates that there is a probability of 95% for the values of the data set to lie within the interval of (186.97, 1701.2). This helps to determine the expected value of the population and the interval in which they would lie. Regression method The method of regression is used to estimate the relationships between the variables. There are two types of variables in a data set; dependent variable and independent variables. Regression methods help to determine the relationship between the dependent variable and independent variables (Cumming 2013). The independent variables do not posses any multi co linearity. The method of regression helps to understand the relationship between the dependent and independent variables. It also denotes how the value of the dependent variable changes with the change in the values of the independent variable. From the values of the data set, it was seen that the dependent variable is the price of the houses and the independent variables are the other factors. The regression equation is given as follows: Y = 1751.3982 86.5995x1 4.42955x2 + 0.099x3 119.1857x4+27.601 x5 79.134 x6 2.073 x7 34.833x8 + 3.1486 x9 This shows that the price of the houses is negatively correlated with number of rooms, age of the house, distance of house from station (km), distance of house from shops (in km), number of bedrooms and number of storeys (Altman et al. 2013). The slopes of these variables are negative and this indicates that the increase in the values of these variables leads to decrease in the price of the houses of Singapore. The variables Area of house (in sq m) distance of house from bus stop (km) and type of Kitchen has a positive slope and the value of the price of the house of Singapore would increase with the increase in the values of these variables (Ciarleglio et al. 2016). The regression equation is used to interpolate the values of the dependent variables using the values of the independent variables. Conclusion The values of the price of houses of Singapore had been subjected to various statistical methods. The factors that influence the prices of the houses of Singapore were also subjected to statistical methods of measures of central tendency and methods of variations. Confidence interval of the prices of the houses of Singapore had been calculated, which gave the 95% probability of the values to lie in the interval of (186.97, 1701.2). Regression analysis was done to understand the method of interpolation of the value of dependent variable with the help of independent variables. The assignment also gave an idea about the inferential statistics of continuous random variables. References Altman, D., Machin, D., Bryant, T. and Gardner, M. eds., 2013.Statistics with confidence: confidence intervals and statistical guidelines. John Wiley Sons. 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